Kefalonia Geo-routes

γεωδιαδρομες

1) Koutavos Davgata Georoute

The georoute starts from the Geosite of Koutavos Lagoon, which is an important wetland of the island and where the information and training center of the Geopark and the Management Body of Aenos National Park are located. Then, we head towards the Geosite of Agia Varvara, which is a relatively small gorge at the foot of which the homonymous chapel is built. We continue towards the village of Faraklata, where we can visit the Museum of Electricity. Before reaching that, however, we can make a detour just before the settlement of Razata and visit the Geositeof Grouspa Cave as well as the walls of ancient Krane. After that, we head to the village of Davgata where we have the opportunity to visit the Museum of Natural History and complete our route returning to Argostoli with a visit to the Monastery of the Holy Mother at Drapanos which is rich in Byzantine monuments.

Koutavos Lagoon
Koutavos Lagoon

2) Georoute Koutavos - Agios Thomas - Avithos - Poros - Skala

The georoute starts from the Geosite of Koutavos Lagoon, which is an important wetland of the island and where the information and training center of the Geopark and the Management Body of Aenos National Park are located. Then, we head towards the village of Mazarakata where we have the opportunity to visit to the Mycenaean cemetery. We can also visit the Mycenaean cemetery at the neighboring village Lakithra. At the Crossroad immediately after the cemetery, by making a detour, we can either head SW to Ai Helis beach- a paleontological site rich in Pectinidae- or head east and visit the Byzantine Museum and Monastery of St. Andrew as well as the Castle of Agios Georgios and the church of Evaggelistria in the homonymous village (Kastro). Alternatively, we can continue following the georoute towards the Klimatsias Geosite, which belongs to the village of Spartia, and where we can see coastal erosion geomorphs.

Agios Thomas
Agios Thomas

From the Klimatsias Geosite, we continue towards the Agios Thomas Geosite heading towards the village of Dorizata and then to the village of Karavado. This Geosite is of special importance since it is a paleontological, geomorphological and sedimentological site of interest, where we also have the imprint of a deltaic system. Continuing on the georoute, just before entering the village of Karavados, we follow the road that takes us to the main road to Poros through the village of Afrato. After the village Simotata, we can make a small detour to the right to visit the Holy Monastery of Sissia which, according to tradition, was founded by Francis of Assisi himself. We continue on the main road towards the village of Pastra, where we can visit the ruins of the city and acropolis of ancient Pronni, located just outside the homonymous village. Continuing our way to the village of Tzanata, we can either make a small detour just outside the village and visit the Mycenaean royal vaulted tomb, or make another turn to take the road to Sami and head to the Geosite of the Ionian Thrust, where the most important tectonic event of the Island is presented and to which the island owes its current morphology. The bypass is completed with a visit to the Geosite of the karstic Lake of Avithos. Returning to the road towards the settlement of Poros, we can either make one last detour and visit the Monastery of the Holy Monastery of Atros or continue to the Geosite of Poros Gorge, which is located at the entrance of the settlement of Poros and is the most important gorge in the area. Once in Poros, we can also visit various residential and fortification ruins from the Mycenaean and Hellenistic period. Finally, we can follow the coastal road that takes us to the area of ​​Skala, alongside which we can see the Geosite of the Residual forms of erosion between Poros-Skala, consisting of residual forms of limestone rocks in the sea. A little further down the same road, the hiking path to the Geosite of the Gradou Waterfalls begins. The georoute is completed as we head towards the settlement of Skala, where we can visit the Archaic temple of Skala as well as the Roman villa that dates back to the 2nd century A.D.

 

POROS
Geosite of Poros Gorge

 

3) Hiking georoute Koutavos - Grouspa Cave - Agia Varvara - Argostoli

The hiking route starts from the Geosite of Koutavos Lagoon, which is an important wetland of the island and where the information and training center of the Geopark and the Management Body of Aenos National Park are located. Walking around the Koutavos Lagoon, we head to the Grouspa Cave Geosite cave following the path that takes us to the walls of ancient Krane. We remain on the hiking route, heading towards the Geosite of Agia Varvara, which is a relatively small gorge at the foot of which homonymous chapel is built. We complete the route returning to Argostoli, by crossing De Bosset’ s Bridge, a large stone bridge built by the Swiss Charles-Philip De Bosset in 1813.

 

Agia Barbara
Geosite of Agia Varvara

 

4) Hiking georoute of Argostoli

The hiking route starts from the Geosite of Koutavos Lagoon, which is an important wetland of the island and where the information and training center of the Geopark and the Management Body of Aenos National Park are located. Walking around the lagoon we have the opportunity to admire De Bosset’ s Bridge, a large stone bridge built by the Swiss Charles-Philip De Bosset in 1813.

 

Bridge
De Bosset’ s Bridge

From Koutavoslagoon, we can do a small detour and visit the Museum of Radio, Wireless and Telecommunication Equipment where we can see telephone devices and call centers of old times. We continue on the georoute to the city center in order to visit the Archaeological Museum of Argostoli, where we can admire exhibits from the Paleolithic to the Late Roman Period coming from excavations that have been conducted all over the island of Kefalonia. The Korgialenio Historical and Folklore Museum is located nearby, where we can find objects from the everyday life of the residents of Kefalonia, such as furniture, tools, appliances, works of art, etc. The ground floor of the museum also hosts the Korgialenios Library which currently includes over 62,000 book volumes, as well as the Local Historical Archive of Kefalonia. Also heading to the main square of Argostoli we can take o walk in the garden of Napier. Then, we head towards the Geosite of the Sinkholes of Argostoli, before which we can make a short stop in between to visit the Kotsanas Museum of Ancient Greek Technology. The Geosite of the Sinkholes of  Argostoli, is one of the most important geological phenomena of the island, in which the karst system of the Argostoli Katavothres Geosite is connected underground with the brackish springs of Sami (Karavomilos). The Lighthouse of AgioiTheodoroi is located a little further away, and a few meters from there, there is a coastal path that takes us to the area of ​​Piniatoro, alongside which we can admire residual erosion karstic forms such as rock arches. After the end of this path and taking the exit on the main road, about 100-200m on the left, we can follow a second path that takes us through a rock garden (near the area of ​​Agios Athanasios). The path ends just before the viewpoint, which the locals call "Telegraph", and can be reached by making a small detour. Alternatively, we can stay on our path towards the Monument of the Killed Italians and complete the georoute with our return to the city of Argostoli.

Lighthouse
Lighthouse of AgioiTheodorois

5) Paliki Peninsula Georoute

The georoute of Lixouri starts from the city of Lixouri, which is the second largest city of the island. There, we can visit the Lakovatos Library which includes thousands of book titles dating from the early 16th century until today, as well as a collection of objects from the residents of the Kefaloniafrom that period. We can also visit the public library of Lixouri, Petritsis Library, which also has more than 1400 volumes of old books anda collection of old costumes and rare books. After that we head south to the Matzavinata Geosite, a view point of geomorphological formations-characteristic of the whole area- that appear around the homonymous village and its neighboring villages. We continue our georoute by making a detour to reach Xi Geosite, which is located on the homonymous beach and consists of crimson sand and unlimited raw gray clay that can be used for a natural spa. After this detour, we continue towards the Kounopetra Geosite, a residual form of coastal erosion causing the constant movement of a boulder of the local coastal formation (sandstones). Then we head northwest to the village of Havriata and shortly after the village, we make a detour to visit the Gerogompos Geosite which consists of coastal karstic geomorphs creating a unique landscape. We continue the Georoute heading towards the village of Kaminarata in order to visit the Geosite at Kipouria, where we can observe coastal erosion forms as well as geotectonic forms (such as faults). We also have the opportunity to visit the Monastery of Kipouria which is located at the same area. Following the main road and a few meters nearby, we can make a detour to visit the Platia Ammos Geosite, where we see tectonic geomorphs some of which are traces left from the 2014 earthquake.

Plateia Ammos
Platia Ammos Geosite

Then we head to the village of Rifi where we can make a detour towards the village of Damoulianata, so that we can visit the Agia Eleni Geosite, a coastal geomorph of special beauty. Remaining on our main path, we head to the village of AgiaThekli, where –on the main road- we find the Geosite of Vrysi Keria,a spring built of stone and decorated with elaborate carvings. We keep moving north and- by making a detour- we can visit the Mycenaean cemetery in the village of Kontogenada, where three-chambered tombs of the Mycenaean period have been excavated. We continue on our georoute and make a detour heading towards Atheras to visit the Sakatos-Kokotos preserved compound which consists of a traditional house, an olive mill, and a small church of Agios Spiridon which built during the last century, being protected historical monuments. At this point, just before we turn for Zola, we can reach the Fteri Geosite through a hiking route or head towards Zola to visit the Vouti Geosite, where karstic geomorphs in the limestone rocks are present and characteristic of this area. Finally, we complete our georoute, heading to the Livadi Wetland Geosite, which is the most important wetland of the island and is home to numerous rare birds such as herons and kingfishers, as well as many species of amphibians and fish.

Kipouria
Geosite at Kipouria

 

6) Sami-Northern Kefalonia georoute

The Sami-Northern Kefaloniageoroutecould also be an extension of the Sami route with a starting point from the settlement of Karavomylos or the settlement of Agia Ephimia, where we can visit the mosaic floor of the Roman villaThen, we head to the village of Makriotika where we can visit the Olive Museum of Pylaros. In the exhibition area of ​​the Olive Museum one can see millstones and other parts of the mechanism with which the oil was extracted and stored. Also in the neighboring village Potamianata we can visit the stone Windmill of Sokaris of the 19th century. We continue our route going either towardsAssosor towards the beach of Myrtos- visiting the Geosite of Myrtos- where we can admire the beach from above the hilltop as well as we can observe the damaged zone of the area of ​​Charakas, which is connected with the main road by a bridge (after the earthquake of 2014). After this short stop, we continue towards the Assos Geosite, which represents the unique outcrop of the Lower Cretaceous formation of the Pre-Apulian zone on the island of Kefalonia. In the settlement of Assos we can also visit the Fortress of Assos, which is a typical example of fortification of the 16th-17th century. The route continues going to the northern part of the island, making a detour to visit the Alaties Geosite which represents a typical coastal residual erosion geomorph in limestone rocks. Finally, the georoute of Northern Kefalonia is completed with a visit to the settlement of Fiskardo, the most picturesque destination of the island, and a protected settlement after the earthquake of 1953. In Fiskardo, we can visit 3 separate Roman monuments such as Roman Cemetery of Fiskardo, Roman Mausoleum of Fiskardo and the Roman bath of Fiskardo. There, worth a visit also the Maritime and environment Museum of Fiskardo where there is a complete record of the natural environment and the marine fauna of Kefalonia, archeological findings, and a collection of photos with the history of the area over the centuries. Finally, we should not miss the Venetian Fiskardo Lighthouse, built by the Venetian conquerors of the area in the 16th century as well as the Early Christian Basilica church of the 6th c. AD.

Myrtos
Geosite of Myrtos

7) Sami Georoute

The Georoute in the area of ​​Sami can be either an extension of the Georoute of Aenos or can stand by itself as a hiking route starting at the Watermills of Sami. This path starts just before the crossroad for the village of Haliotata, where we take a turn towards the cave of Drogarati Geosite, which is perhaps the most important cave of the island with extremely rich speleothems. After that, we head to the village of Poulata where the cave of Aggalaki Geosite is located, an equally important and impressive cavern rich in stalactites and stalagmites. We continue our path with a visit to the cave of Agia Eleousa Geosite, a cavern which is also decorated with wonderful stalactites and stalagmites. At a distance of about 300m is the cave of AgioiTheodoroi Geosite, where there is a beautiful cavern with a blue-green lake. We continue our georoute by reaching the wider area of ​​Poulata to visit two very interesting caves which communicate with each other through an underground siphon, the Hiridoni-Sotiras cave Geosite. Then, we head to the area of ​​Karavomilos, where we can initially visit the Cave of Zervati Geosite, a relatively small but equally beautiful cave that contains two small lakes.

zervati
Cave of Zervati Geosite

 

Then we continue our georoute with a visit to the lake / spring of Karvomylos Geositewhich is also an underwater cave. We complete our route in the wider area of Karavomylos with our visit to the cenote of Melissani Geosite, which is one of the most important geosite of the island. At this point, we could make a detour and visit the village of Old Vlahataof Sami, where we find ruins of old stone houses and Venetian bridges (some of which are in fairly good condition) that were completely obliterated by the 1953 earthquakes. In this old village, a music and art festival takes place every summer. Then, we head to the settlement of Sami where we can visit the Maritime Museum of Sami as well as the Archaeological Collection of Sami. Finally, we complete our georoute with a visit to the Ancient Acropolis of Sami where the remains of a large building, possibly a temple, have been found, the Roman bath of Sami and with a visit to the Monastery of Agioi Fanentes.

Melissani Lake
Melissani Geosite

8) Aenos Georoute

The georoute starts from the Geosite of Koutavos Lagoon, which is an important wetland of the island and where the information and training center of the Geopark and the Management Body of Aenos National Park are located. We head to the village of Kastro to visit the Castle of Agios Georgios and the church of Evaggelistria (here we can make a detour to visit the Byzantine Museum and Monastery of Agios Andreas). After that, we head towards the Geosite of the polje of Valsamata, which is located near the village of Valsamatafollowing the road towards the village of Troianata. This Geosite is also the location of the Monastery of AgiosGerasimos, where his corpse and his hermitage can be visited. We continue the georoute heading towards Mount Aenos, after making a detour to the smaller mountain of the island, Mount Roudi in order to visit the Doline Geosite of Roudi. On Mount Aenos, we have the opportunity to visit three Geosites starting with the first which is the Geosite of Rudists which is a paleontological site rich in fossils. A few meters further as we climb the mountain one can find the Geosite of karstic geomorphs of Aenos in limestone rocks that form the mountain itself. The third and last Geosite of Mount Aenos is the View point of Aenos, located just before the mountain top and from where we can observe the Plio- Quaternary formations which cover the southern part of the island of Kefalonia.

ainos
View point of Aenos